Author

pic121105 Jorgen Randers in SydneyProfessor Jørgen Randers

BI Norwegian Business School

Oslo, Norway

Jørgen Randers (born 1945) is professor of climate strategy at the Norwegian Business School, where he works on climate and energy issues, scenario analysis and system dynamics. He lectures widely at home and abroad on sustainable development issues – particularly on the future and climate change – for all types of corporate and non-corporate audiences.

Jørgen Randers has spent one third of his life in academia, one third in business and on third in the NGO world. He is non-executive member of several corporate boards in Norway, including the state owned Postal Service. He also sits on the sustainability council of The Dow Chemical Company in the US and Astra Zeneca in the UK.

He was President of the Norwegian Business School BI 1981 – 89, and Deputy Director General of WWF International (World Wide Fund for Nature) in Switzerland 1994 – 99. He chaired the Commission on Low Greenhouse Gas Emissions who reported in 2006 to the Norwegian cabinet on how Norway can cut is climate gas emissions by two thirds by 2050.

He has written a number of books and scientific papers. He co-authored The Limits to Growth in 1972 and its sequels in 1992 and 2004. In 2012 he published 2052 – A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years, which is now available in 8 languages in more than 100.000 copies.

He has received many prizes and awards, including an honorary doctorate from the Anglia Ruskin University in Cambridge UK. He is a full member of the Club of Rome.

festschrift to jorgen

Hardcover, June 12, 2015

Science Based Activism - Festschrift to Jorgen Randers

The pathway from scientific knowledge, based on data, models and forecasts, to societal implications and policy advice is a perilous one. The shift from “is” to “ought” may be slippery, in terms of climate, biodiversity, regulations and business. Yet, what is to be done if your research discloses that your fellow humans are unwittingly carrying out destructive actions on a large scale? If they are unaware of the dynamics within which they are – or are in danger of becoming – imprisoned, is there then not an ethical obligation to respond, to endeavor to act beyond the scope of your given role? This dilemma lies at the core of the issue of science based activism, which the life and work of Jorgen Randers in many ways epitomizes. The best means of understanding what science based activism is may be found in exploring his steps, as this Festschrift does.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

1999-

Norwegian Business School, Oslo

(management education)

Professor

1994-99

WWF-World Wide Fund for Nature, Geneva

(non-governmental organization, nature conservation)

Deputy Director General

1993

Innovation AS, Oslo

(consultants in strategy)

Partner

1992-93

Full time Chairman of the Board of five companies

1989-91

World City AS, Oslo

(financial holding company)

Managing Director

1981‑89

Norwegian School of Management, Oslo

(management education)

President

1980‑81

Deminex (NORGE) AS, Oslo

(oil production)

Deputy Director

1980

Ministry of Long Term Planning, Oslo

(macroeconomic planning)

Analyst

1974‑80

Resource Policy Group, Oslo

(futures research)

Founder and Director

1973

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Assistant Professor of Management

1970‑72

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Researcher

CORPORATE BOARDS

2011-

Posten ASA

(the Norwegian Postal Service)

Member

2006-14

yA Bank

(internet banking)

Chair

2003-07

Miljøforskningssenteret AS

(environmental research)

Member

2002-03

Kanal24 Norge AS

(commercial radio)

Member

1999-03

eBok AS

(electronic publishing)

Chairman

1999-

21st Venture AS

(holding company, largely radio and IT)

Chair

1999-05

Egroup ASA

(internet consulting)

Member

1992-96

P4 Radio Hele Norge AS, Oslo

(commercial radio)

Chair

1992-94

David Livsforsikrings AS, Oslo

(life insurance)

Chair

1991-2010

Tomra Systems AS, Oslo

(reverse vending machines)

Member

1989‑91

Green Business AS, Oslo

(environmental goods and services)

Chair

1988‑93

Norwegian Institute for Market Research, Oslo
(market research)

Chair

1988‑92 

The Norwegian Bank for Industry, Oslo
(banking)

Chair

1988‑93

Åke Larson Construction AS, Oslo
(construction management)

Chair

1984‑87

Unique AS, Sandnes

(software house)

Member

1989-93

Sven Sejersted Bødtker & Co. AS, Oslo

(& 1983‑85)  (shipowners)

Chair

1983‑85

Tiki Data AS, Oslo
(PC producer)

Member

1982‑85

Åke Larson Construction AB, Stockholm

1987-92

(construction management)

Member

1981‑85

Sunnmørsbanken Oslo AS, Oslo
(commercial banking)

Chair

CONSULTING (selected)

2014-

Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences

Shanghai 2050 Plan

(advising on content of plan)

2014-

AstraZenca, London

Environmental Sustainability Council

(advising on sustainability and corporate responsibility)

Member

2007 –

Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan

2005-06

Governmental Commission,

Ministry of Environment, Oslo

(reduction of Norway’s greenhouse gas emissions)

Chair

2004-07

Economic Development Board of Rotterdam

International Advisory Board

(advising on sustainability issues)

Member

2001-12

HRH Prince Charles Programme on Business and the Environment

Cambridge University Program on Industry, Cambridge

(sustainable development for senior managers in multinationals)

Member of Core Faculty

2001-12

British Telecom plc, London

Leadership Panel

(advising on sustainability and corporate responsibility)

Member

2001-02

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), Washington

Core Measurement Group

(global standards for sustainability reporting)

Member

2000-5

Corporate Environmental Advisory Council

(advising on sustainability and corporate social responsibility)

Member

1998-02

OECD, Paris
Roundtable on Sustainable Development
(sustainable development in industrial countries)

Member

1985‑87

Commission for Health Institution Services,

Ministry of Social Affairs, Oslo

(financing and organizing Norwegian hospitals)

Member

1979‑83

OECD, Paris

(Social effects of forest investment projects)

1979 

United Nations Development Program (UNDP), New York.

(Planning a Petroleum Institute in Bangladesh)

 

NOT-FOR-PROFIT ENGAGEMENTS

2012-

The Club of Rome, Rome

Full member

2004 – 08

WWF International, Gland

Member of the Board

Chairman of the Programme Committee in 2006

Member of Exco from 2006

2003 – 

The Global Footprint Network, San Fransisco

Member of the Advisory Council

2001 – 08

WWF-Norway, Oslo

Chair

2001 – 12

Center for Corporate Citizenship

Norwegian School of Management, Oslo

Chair

2000 – 06

Fondation du Tour du Valat, Sambuc, France

Member of the Board

1985‑88 

Norsk Forum, Oslo

Council member

1983‑89

The Research Center of the Federation of Norwegian Labour Unions,

Council member 

1980‑86

World Futures, New York

Member of editorial council

1977‑87

The Club of Rome, Rome

Full member

1976-

The System Dynamics Society, Cambridge, Mass

Member. President 1985-86

BOOKS

2052 – A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years

Chelsea Green Publishing, White River Junction, Vermont 2012

Available in 8 languages

 

Limits to Growth – The 30 Year Update

with D.H. Meadows and D.L. Meadows, Chelsea Green Publishing, White River Junction, Vermont 2004

 

Beyond the Limits

with D.H. Meadows, D.L. Meadows, Chelsea Green Publishing House, Post Mills, Vermont 1992

 

Elements of the System Dynamics Method

Editor, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1980

 

Wood Resource Dynamics in the Scandinavian Forest Sector

editor with L. Lønnstedt, Studia Forestalia Suecia No. 152, Stockholm 1979

 

Smelteverkene i smeltedigelen (The Future of the Electro‑Metallurgical Industry)

with L. Ervik, C. Tank‑Nielsen, D. Nunn, J.W. Cappelens forlag, Oslo 1979

 

Skognæringen i overgangsalderen (Transition in the Forest Sector)

with L. Stenberg, K. Kalgraf, J.W. Cappelens Forlag, Oslo 1978

 

The Dynamics of Growth in a Finite World

with D.H. Meadows, D.L. Meadows, W.W. Behrens, R.F. Naill and E.K.O. Zahn, Wright‑Allen Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1974

 

Conceptualizing Dynamic Models of Social Systems: Lessons from a Study of Social Change

Ph.D. dissertation, MIT Sloan School of Management, Cambridge, September 1973

 

The Limits to Growth

with D.H. Meadows, D.L. Meadows and W.W. Behrens, Universe Books, New York 1972

Available in 36 languages

PAPERS

“Demokratin oförmögen att hantera klimahotet” (“Can democracy handle difficult issues like climate change?”)

Extract, January 2015, Stockholm

 

“A realistic leverage point for one-planet living: More compulsory vacation in the rich world”

System Dynamics Review, Vol 30, No 4, 2014

 

“Compulsory Vacation: Reducing the Human Ecological Footprint Through More Annual Leave”, in W. Visser (ed) Disrupting the Future: Great Ideas for Creating a Much better World (pp. 61-67). London: Kaleidoscope Futures, 2014

 

“Living in overshoot: A forecast and the desire to have it wrong”, in G.J.Kramer & B. Vermeer (ed) The colours of energy: Essays on the future of our energy system (pp. 56-60). Amsterdam: Shell International BV, 2014

 

“2052 – Japan: a global world leader in increasing citizen’s well-being during slow GDP growth and declining population” Tokyo: Fole, 2, pp 2-5, 2014

 

“Global Trends 2030 Compared with the 2052 Global Forecast”

World Future Review, Volume 5, No 4, pp 360-366, 2013

DOI: 10.1177/0123456789123456

 

“Norsk Klimapolitikk 2006-12“(“Norwegian Climate Policy 2006-12“)

with D. Rees & M. Sjøvaag Marino

Report from BI’s Center for Climate Strategy, 33 pp, Oslo

 

“The «perceived progress» indicator – measuring the rate of change in subjective well-being with D. Rees

Report from BI’s Center for Climate Strategy, 13 pp, Oslo

 

“2052: Droht ein globaler Kollaps” (“2052: Towards Global Collapse?”)

Aus Politik und Zeiteschichte, Vol 62, No 51-52, pp 3-10, 2012

 

“GEVA – Greenhouse Gas Emissions per Unit of Value Added. A corporate guide to voluntary climate policy”

Energy Policy, Vol 48, pp 46-55, 2012

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.04.041

 

“The real message of The Limits to Growth: A plea for forward-looking global policy”

GAIA, Vol 21, No 2, pp 102-105, 2012

 

“Meny 5 – En vedtakbar energi- og klimapolitikk for Norge” (“Menu 5 – A politically feasible energy- and climate-policy for Norway”)

Magma, Vol 14, No 2, pp 21-34, 2011

 

“The One Degree War Plan” with P. Gilding

Journal of Global Responsibility, Vol 1, No 1, pp 170-188, 2012

 

“Future Mapper for the Shipping Market” with U. Golüke

Quarterly (later annual) market forecast to shipping investors, Future Mappers AS, Oslo, 1990-2009

 

“Global Collapse – Fact or Fiction?”

Futures, Vol 40, No 10, pp 853 – 864, Dec 2008

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2008.07.042

 

”Et forslag til byrdefordeling i post-Kyoto avtale” (”A proposed burden sharing for the post-Kyoto agreement”) with B. Holtsmark

Klima, No 6, pp14-15, Dec 2008

 

“Fremtidsbilde 2030: Er verden flat?” (“Scenario 2030: Is the world flat?”) with A. J. Isachsen

Magma, Vol 10, No 1, pp 51-57, 2007

 

“Forecasting Turning Points in Shipping Freight Rates: Lessons from 30 Years of Practical Effort”, with U. Goluke

System Dynamics Review, Vol 23, No 2-3, Summer/Fall 2007

 

“How Can Norway Become a Climate-Friendly Society?” with K. Alfsen

World Economics, Vol 8, No 1, Jan-Mar 2007

 

“Et klimavennlig Norge” – Utvalgsleder (“A Climate Friendly Norway” – Commission chair)

NOU 2006:18, Ministry of the Environment, Oslo 2006

 

“The Living Planet Index: using species population time series to track trends in biodiversity”

with J. Loh et al

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Vol. 360, pp 289 – 295, February 2005

 

“Sammenligning av kostnadene ved stasjonær og mobil røntgenundersøkelse av sykehjemspasienter” (“Comparison of the costs of stationary and mobile x-ray imaging of nursery patients”)

Michael Quarterly, No 2, 2005, pp 151–9.

 

“Tracking the ecological overshoot of the human economy” with M. Wackernagel et al

Proceedings of the (US) National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 44, No. 14, pp 9266 – 9271, July 2002

 

“From Limits to Growth to Sustainable Development”

System Dynamics Review, Vol. 16, No. 3 (Fall 2000), pp 213-224

 

The Living Planet Report with J. Loh et al,

WWF-International, Gland, Switzerland 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002 and 2004

 

“Opprustning innenlands eller satsing ute”

in Morten Møller Warmedal (ed), Utlandet Kaller, Lex, Oslo 1999

 

“Depressing Trends”

in Helen de Mattos-Shipley (ed), WWF Changing Worlds, Banson, London 1996

 

“The Quest for a Sustainable Society – A Global Perspective”

in G. Skirbekk, editor, The Notion of Sustainability, Scandinavian University Press, Oslo 1994

 

“Siviløkonomer og fremtiden”

in Norske Siviløkonomer gjennom 50 år, NSF, Oslo 1989

 

The Public Management of Forestry Projects

with H. Gregersen, J. Montgolfier, L. Ferrer-Martin, OECD, Paris 1986

 

“Prediction of pulp prices. A review two years later”

BI Working Paper 84/6, Stiftelsen BI, Bekkestua 1984

 

“The Tanker Market”

BI Working Paper 84/9, Stiftelsen BI, Bekkestua 1984

 

“Guidelines for Model Conceptualization”

in B.W. Hennestad and F.E. Wenstøp, editor, Bedriftsøkonomi og Vitenskapsteori (Management and Theory of Science), Universitetsforlaget, Oslo 1983

 

“Den norske næringsstruktur i fremtiden” (Norway’s Economic Structure in the Future)

Bergen Bank Kvartalsskrift, No. 1, 1981

 

“National Strategies to Limit the Industrial Use of Wood to the Sustainable Forest Growth”

with J. Høsteland and L. Lønnstedt

Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 11, No. 1 & 2, Fall 1979/Spring 1980

 

“Den unødvendige arbeidsløsheten” (The Unnecessary Unemployment) with J.W. Nilsson

in Arbeid og Inntekt (Employment and Income), Tiden Norsk Forlag, Oslo 1980

 

“Guidelines for Model Conceptualization”

in J. Randers (ed), Elements of the System Dynamics Method, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1980

 

“Watch for the Foothills: Signalling the End to Growth in a Finite World”

with W.W. Behrens, in David W. Orr and Marvin S. Soroos, The Global Predicament: Ecological Perspectives on World Order, The University of North Carolina Press 1979

 

“Petroleum: Norwegian Experience and Third World Policy”

Jamaica Journal, No. 43, pp. 69‑76, 1979

 

“Transition Strategies for the Forest Sector” with L. Lønnstedt

Futures, Vol 11, No. 3, June 1979

 

“Den globale økonomiske utvikling på 10‑15 års sikt”

(The Global Economy of the Next 10‑15 Years)

Bergen Bank Kvartalsskrift No. 4, 1978

 

“How to be a Useful Builder of Simulation Models”, in J. Rose (ed.)

Current Topics in Cybernetics and Systems, Springer, New York 1978

 

“How to Stop Industrial Growth with Minimal Pain”

Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol 11, p. 371, 1978

 

“A System Dynamics Study of the Transition from Ample to Scarce Wood Resources”

Proceedings of the XVI International Union of Forest Research Orqanizations’ World Congress, Oslo 21‑26 June 1976

 

“A Response to Sussex” with D.L. Meadows, D.H. Meadows, and W.W. Behrens

Futures Vol. 5, No 1, February 1973

 

“Dynamic Modelling as a Tool for Managerial Planning: A Case Study of the US Hog Industry” with R.F. Naill, N.J. Mass and M.K. Simpson

Proceedings of the 1973 Summer Computer Simulation Conference, Montreal 1973

 

“The Dynamics of Environmental Policy: DDT”

The International Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 4, p. 51, 1972

 

“The Dynamics of Solid Waste Generation” with D.L. Meadows

Technology Review, April 1972

 

“The Carrying Capacity of the Globe” with D.H. Meadows

Sloan Management Review, Vol 15, No. 2, 1972

 

“Adding the Time Dimension to Environmental Policy” with D.L. Meadows

International Organization, Vol. 26, No. 2, spring 1972